Wednesday, November 18, 2015

SLAMET VOLCANO : Overview Highest Summit Hiking Central Java

VOLCANO NAME: Slamet Volcano
ALTITUDE : 3432 m
VOLCANO TYPE: Strato volcano
CLASSIFICATION: A-type active volcano
HISTORICAL ERUPTION:First record 1772.
ERUPTION TYPE:Vulcanian & Strambolian.

Slamet volcano is one of Java Island favorite hiking destination.The highest point of Slamet volcano's summit up to 3432 m from sea level that made it as second highest summit volcano of Java after Mahameru, the volcanic summit of Semeru volcano in East Java.Administratively, Slamet volcano located in several regencies of Central Java province republic Indonesia: Brebes, Tegal, Pemalang, Banyumas dan Purbalingga.The word Slamet it self rooted from word "Salamatan", this volcano possessing such name on century XVI when Islam religion influence came to southern part of Central Java region.Previous name of this volcano was assumed Agung.

Summit of volcano Slamet is cone in shape,possessing crater complex on it's summit zone consisting of 4 craters which are popular as crater inside crater.Record on going central crater activities included spewing out gas sulphure, lava dome formation, and ash eruption.

Due to altitude factor of volcano Slamet plus it's position to wind monsoon direction so that volcano Slamet region possessing very high rainfall as well as rain day, even it's western flank possessing highest rainfall in Indonesia. Slamet volcano also known as ones of most forested volcanoes of Java, and considered as last habitat of genuine mountainous plants of Java.Most specific plants were discovered here included Pimpinella pruatjan and Scutellaria javanica.

Slamet volcano is Strato in type, classified as A-type active volcano with first recorded eruption in historical time was on year 1772 where at time occurred ash eruption followed by lava flow.Eruption history of Slamet volcano recorded the eruption character tended to low explosive as well as effusive, popular as Vulcanian and Strombolian type of eruptions.Eruption produced volcanic material from dust size to Lapili (1-4 cm), bright lava and heavy dust rain.The volcanic dust can reach 10 km or over distance.Safety distance mostly recorded 4 km from central eruption.

During on eruption phase, bright lava flow of volcano Slamet was visible well from eruption view point at village Melung, Baturraden,Banyumas (26/4/2014) in the morning,ones of Slamet volcano eruption attraction that should not to be "missed". While on Normal Active ( Level I ) Slamet volcano is always be attractive for most hikers-trekkers-climbers.

From perspective of volcano hazard of Indonesian volcano, it is much more safe to climb this Slamet volcano on early alert level I. It is worthy to mention that for most travelers: hot spring at Baturaden and Guci as well as uniqueness volcanic cave of Gua Lawa are some of popular tourism attraction in the area that normally never been " missed ".

Geo living cultural tradition is also still discovered at village around slope Slamet volcano: When alert level of Slamet increase over normal level, the locals held ritual tradition by cooking Gandul ( Locally called pepaya muda ) as a hope expression to alert level in order not increase further ( as recorded on March 16, 2014 at Bojongsari, Purbalinga ).

On lower slope, several archaeological remains from different periods of history were discovered on slope of volcano Slamet: pra history period ,classical period of Hindhu-Budha, and Islam period that indicated area of Slamet volcano  has been inhabited since long time ago from one generation to another generation until now day.