Thursday, September 20, 2012


Austronesian (or Malayo-Polynesian brach) language had been used as a lingua franca in the Indonesian archipelago for centuries,which in return are related to languages spoken in Madagascar, Philippines, New Zealand, Hawaii and some other various Polynesian countries. Therefore, languages spoken in Indonesia are belong to the Austronesian language family, with a few Papuan languages also spoken. Today Indonesian have both official national language and regional ethnic languages that make the arch is highly diversity in language.

Today official language of Indonesia known as Bahasa Indonesia. It was promoted by Indonesian nationalists in the 1920s, drawing inspiration from the Sumpah Pemuda ( Youth's Oath ) event in 1928, then declared as an official language of Indonesia on the proclamation of independence in 1945. The language is a standardized dialect of the Malay language. Since Indonesia has many ethnic group, the Bahasa is more than just communication tools among Indonesian people but also play important role in unity of
Indonesian nation.

Further development of Bahasa Indonesia was influenced by many local language of Indonesia ethnic groups
also many other nations such Dutch, Portuguese, Hindi, Arabic, and Chinese. Some words adopted in Bahasa Indonesia and they can be seen in some words, some sample of words adopted : derived from local ethnic group such as Javanese ( aku, I (informal), and its derivative form mengaku, confess ), while from Chinese (pisau; knife or dagger; loteng; upper / floor),and foreign Dutch words such as polisi (police).